[1]丰智松,李增源,张卫峰,等.上海温州蜜柑叶片营养诊断及优化施肥策略[J].江苏农业学报,2022,38(05):1357-1365.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-4440.2022.05.023]
 FENG Zhi-song,LI Zeng-yuan,ZHANG Wei-feng,et al.Leaf nutrition diagnosis and fertilization optimization strategy of Shanghai Satsuma[J].,2022,38(05):1357-1365.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-4440.2022.05.023]
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上海温州蜜柑叶片营养诊断及优化施肥策略()
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江苏农业学报[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
38
期数:
2022年05期
页码:
1357-1365
栏目:
园艺
出版日期:
2022-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Leaf nutrition diagnosis and fertilization optimization strategy of Shanghai Satsuma
作者:
丰智松1李增源1张卫峰1陈磊2安琪琪3
(1.中国农业大学资源与环境学院,北京100083;2.上海市崇明区生态农业科创中心,上海崇明202150;3.上海市崇明区农产品质量安全中心,上海崇明202150)
Author(s):
FENG Zhi-song1LI Zeng-yuan1ZHANG Wei-feng1CHEN Lei2AN Qi-qi3
(1.College of Resources and Environment, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China;2.Shanghai Chongming District Ecological Agriculture Innovation Center, Shanghai 202150, China;3.Shanghai Chongming District Agricultural Product Quality and Safety Center, Shanghai 202150, China)
关键词:
温州蜜柑叶片矿质养分营养诊断施肥
Keywords:
Satsuma mandarinleafmineral nutrientnutrition diagnosisfertilization
分类号:
S666.1
DOI:
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-4440.2022.05.023
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以上海市崇明区70个代表性温州蜜柑果园为研究对象,根据叶片DRIS、M-DRIS、DOP诊断法和边界线方法,对果园进行叶片矿质养分含量的测定及营养平衡诊断,为温州蜜柑丰产优质科学施肥提供依据。结果显示:(1)高产园和低产园间叶片中大多矿质养分含量差异不显著,低产园叶片矿质养分含量变异范围高于高产园;(2)应用边界线方法确定温州蜜柑叶片矿质养分的适宜范围为N 2.80%~3.10%、P2O5 0.17%~0.23%、K2O 0.71%~1.50%、Ca 3.40~4.80 g/kg、Mg 0.30~0.50 g/kg、Fe 89.00~129.00 mg/kg、Mn 21.00~63.00 mg/kg、Cu 5.00~12.00 mg/kg、Zn 11.00~20.00 mg/kg、B 33.00~101.00 mg/kg ;(3)DRIS、M-DRIS和DOP方法建立的养分平衡值(NBIm)与产量呈显著负相关,说明养分之间的平衡性是产量的主要限制因素。不同诊断方法推荐的养分平衡调节优先序基本一致,其中DRIS法和M-DRIS法建立的养分平衡调节优先序均为:Mn>K>Zn;可见,DOP法建立的养分平衡优先序为:Mn>K>N。可见,上海市温州蜜柑果园树体内各矿质元素间比例平衡关系对产量的影响更为显著,应采用叶片营养平衡诊断方法,制定更精准的施肥方案。
Abstract:
The content of mineral elements in leaves of Satsuma mandarin in Chongming, Shanghai, was determined, so as to provide the basis for scientific fertilization. The nutritional status of leaves in 70 representative citrus orchards in Chongming District was diagnosed by DRIS, M-DRIS, DOP and boundary line methods. Results showed that there was no significant difference in the content of most mineral elements in leaves between high-yield and low-yield orchards, and the variation range of leaf mineral nutrients in low-yield orchard was higher than that in high-yield orchard. The suitable range of mineral nutrients in leaves of Satsuma mandarin was determined by boundary line method as N 2.80%-3.10%, P2O5 0.17%-0.23%, K2O 0.71%-1.50%, Ca 3.40-4.80 g/kg, Mg 0.30-0.50 g/kg, Fe 89.00-129.00 mg/kg, Mn 21.00-63.00 mg/kg, Cu 5.00-12.00 mg/kg, Zn 11.00-20.00 mg/kg, B 33.00-101.00 mg/kg. Nutrient balance values (NBIm) established by DRIS, M-DRIS and DOP methods were significantly negatively correlated with yield, indicating that the balance between nutrients was the main limiting factor of yield. The priorities of nutrient balance regulation recommended by different diagnostic methods were basically the same. The priorities of nutrient balance regulation established by DRIS method and M-DRIS method were Mn>K>Zn. The priority order of nutrient balance established by DOP method was Mn>K>N. It can be seen that the proportion balance of mineral elements in the trees of Satsuma mandarin orchard in Shanghai has a more significant effect on the yield, so the diagnosis method of leaf nutrient balance should be adopted to formulate a more accurate fertilization plan.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2022-01-12基金项目:上海市科技兴农项目[沪农科推字(2020)第2-2号]作者简介:丰智松(1996-),男,河北邢台人,硕士研究生,主要从事植物营养与高效施肥研究。(E-mail)18730279136@163.com通讯作者:张卫峰,(E-mail)wfzhang@cau.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2022-11-07