[1]卯新蕊,李昊聪,申志慧,等.桃果实矿质元素与糖酸指标的相关性分析[J].江苏农业学报,2020,(01):164-171.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-4440.2020.01.023]
 MAO Xin-rui,LI Hao-cong,SHEN Zhi-hui,et al.Correlation analysis of mineral elements and sugar and acid contents in peach fruit[J].,2020,(01):164-171.[doi:doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-4440.2020.01.023]
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桃果实矿质元素与糖酸指标的相关性分析()
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江苏农业学报[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
164-171
栏目:
园艺
出版日期:
2020-02-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Correlation analysis of mineral elements and sugar and acid contents in peach fruit
作者:
卯新蕊123李昊聪23申志慧23陈小龙23王亚23余向阳23
(1.南京财经大学食品科学与工程学院/江苏省现代粮食流通与安全协同创新中心/江苏高校粮油质量安全控制及深加工重点实验室,江苏南京210023;2.江苏省农业科学院农产品质量安全与营养研究所,江苏南京210014;3.省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地——江苏省食品质量安全重点实验室,江苏南京210014)
Author(s):
MAO Xin-rui123LI Hao-cong23SHEN Zhi-hui23CHEN Xiao-long23WANG Ya23YU Xiang-yang23
(1.College of Food Science and Engineering /Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Grain Circulation and Safety/Key Laboratory of Grains and Oils Quality Control and Processing, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics, Nanjing 210023, China;2.Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China;3.Key Lab of Food Quality and Safety of Jiangsu Province-State Key Laboratory Breeding Base, Nanjing 210014, China)
关键词:
矿质元素果实品质相关性
Keywords:
peachmineral elementsfruit qualitycorrelation
分类号:
S662.1
DOI:
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-4440.2020.01.023
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
本研究对中国不同地区、不同桃品种果实中主要矿质元素含量与品质指标的关系进行研究,筛选影响果实品质特性的主要矿质元素,为桃果实营养功能评价提供理论依据。以14个不同地区、不同品种的桃果实为材料,测定了桃果实中的糖酸含量及26种矿质元素含量,应用描述性分析、冗余分析、相关性分析对桃果实中矿质元素与主要品质指标(糖酸含量)的关系进行探讨。试验结果表明,不同地区栽培的不同品种桃果实中,大量元素、微量元素和稀土元素的含量均有较大差异。不同省份的桃果实中矿质元素含量有显著差异且具有地方性,福建省桃果实大量元素中钾和稀土元素中铈的含量最高;湖北省桃果实大量元素中钙、微量元素中铁、铝含量最高;云南省桃果实微量元素锰、锌含量丰富,且稀土元素含量普遍高于其他省份。钾(K)显著影响桃果实的品质,其与桃果实中的奎宁酸、苹果酸、琥珀酸、柠檬酸、抗坏血酸、山梨醇均显著正相关;镁(Mg)能显著影响桃果实中有机酸的含量,其含量与抗坏血酸、柠檬酸、草酸显著正相关,但与糖类物质无相关性;钙(Ca)与葡萄糖、果糖呈极显著正相关;钼(Mo)与酸有较强的相关性;稀土元素铕(Eu)、铒(Er)、镱(Yb)与桃果实中的糖分含量显著正相关。桃果实中的不同矿质元素对果实品质特性的影响各异,降低果实中钙、钠含量,提高果实中钾、镁和稀土元素Eu、Er、Yb含量可能是提高桃果实品质的重要技术措施。
Abstract:
The relationships between the contents of main mineral elements and quality indices of peach fruits in different areas of China were studied and the main mineral elements that affecting the essential characteristics of peach fruits were screened to provide theoretical basis for the evaluation of nutritional function. The contents of sugar and acid and 26 mineral elements of peach fruits from 14 different areas were determined. Descriptive analysis, redundancy analysis and correlation analysis were applied to study the relationship between mineral elements and main quality indices (sugar and acid content) in peach fruits. The results showed that the contents of macroelements, microelements and rare earth elements in peach fruits cultivated in different areas were quite different. The contents of mineral elements in peach fruits from different provinces were significantly different. The contents of K and Ce in peach fruits were highest in Fujian province, and the contents of Ca, Fe and Al were highest in Hubei province. The contents of Mn and Zn in peach fruits of Yunnan province were rich, and the content of rare earth elements was generally higher than that in other provinces. The quality of peach fruit was significantly affected by potassium (K), which was positively correlated with quinic acid, malic acid, succinic acid, citric acid, ascorbic acid and sorbitol. The contents of organic acids in peach fruits were significantly affected by magnesium (Mg), which was positively correlated with ascorbic acid, citric acid and oxalic acid. However, Mg had no correlation with sugar. Calcium (Ca) was positively correlated with glucose and fructose. Furthermore, molybdenum (Mo) had strong correlation with acid. Besides, Eu, Er and Yb were positively correlated with sugar content in peach fruits. The effects of different mineral elements on the quality characteristics of peach are different. Reducing the contents of Ca and sodium (Na) and increasing the contents of K, Mg, Eu, Er and Yb may be the important technical strategy for improving the quality of peach fruits.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-10-17基金项目:国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-30-5-03);江苏现代农业产业单项技术研发项目[CX(19)3006]作者简介:卯新蕊(1995-),女,内蒙古乌兰浩特人,硕士研究生,主要从事农产品安全研究。(E-mail)285737477@qq.com通讯作者:余向阳,(E-mail)yu981190@hotmail.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-03-13